Polio – Causes, Symptoms and Its treatment – Polio is a highly infectious viral disease also known as poliomyelitis. After a long awareness creation now most parts of the world has got free from polio but still some parts of Africa and South Asia still suffering from polio. Though polio can affect people at any age still it is widely common among children under three years of age. Polio is a contagious viral illness which in its most severe form can cause paralysis, difficulty breathing and even sometimes death. Proper dose of vaccination is necessary to keep one free from polio and at times booster dose is also necessary while travelling to polio affected area. Today we are going to discuss about Polio – Causes, Symptoms and Its treatment.
Polio – Causes, Symptoms and Its treatment
Causes of Polio
Polio is caused by poliovirus infection. This infection is highly contagious and is easily transferred through food and water contaminated with stool of affected people. Symptoms appear within 4 to 21 days. Infection happens when virus enters the body through mouth multiplies in the throat and intestine, and spreads through the blood to the central nervous system. The polio virus ones enter the body attacks the nerve cells leading to paralysis. Polio mainly occurs in place where proper sanitation and hygiene is not maintained.
Symptoms of Polio
Paralytic Polio : Paralysis occurs in extreme serious condition that causes paralysis in less than one percent. Paralytic polio is of several types depending on the part of your body that’s affected —If it attacks in spinal cord (spinal polio), in brainstem (bulbar polio) or both (bulbospinal polio).Initial signs and symptoms of paralytic polio can be fever and headache. But within a week signs and symptoms specific to paralytic polio appear which includes severe muscle aches or weakness, loss of reflexes and loose and floppy limbs.
Non Paralytic Polio : People who suffer from non paralytic polio have symptoms such as sore throat, fatigue, nausea, fever, vomiting, back pain or stiffness, neck pain or stiffness, pain or stiffness in the arms or legs, muscle weakness or tenderness, meningitis. Non paralytic polio can further develop to meningitis which affects brain lining which can turn fatal too. Polio can become fatal when it affects brain and respiratory organ. Polio as spreads destroys the nerve control muscle.
Treatment of polio
Treatment of polio is done after its diagnosis. Doctor does test of ample of throat secretions, stool or cerebrospinal fluid. Proper care and treatment is provided to the patients for speeding recovery. Some of them includes bed rest, pain relievers, nutritious diet, moderate exercise and portable ventilators to assist breathing.
Polio has no such medicine for treatment but yes preventive measures can be followed to prevent polio virus attack. There should be improved vaccination and hygiene must be maintained. Proper polio vaccination must be provided to children and are properly given at intervals of age. Even adults also can have booster dose of vaccination to prevent polio.
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